Endangered Hummingbird Species: Here Are The Species That Are Currently In Danger Of Extinction

endangered hummingbird species 17

There are species of hummingbirds that are endangered worldwide. While this may not be a shock (due to all we know about climate change, habitat loss & biodiversity loss), we must keep ourselves informed on this topic.

Hummingbirds have a vital role in improving the ecosystem of plants. Since they’re excellent pollinators, their work is crucial in the life cycle of flowers.

Hummingbirds belong to the Trochilidae family, and there are about 300 species of hummers worldwide. Unfortunately, many species are becoming rarer as time passes; this is terrible news because the world needs efficient pollinators!

The list of endangered species of hummingbirds keeps changing and getting longer, so there is much-contradicting information out there.

The critically endangered list keeps increasing too. But what does critically endangered mean? It means there is a 50% chance that this species will become extinct in the next 10 years.

But let’s go beyond the surface.

two hummingbirds attempting to drink nectar from the same flower.

List of endangered Hummingbird Species

The International Union for conservation of nature (IUCN) states that 26 hummingbird species are endangered or critically endangered (and 13 vulnerable)

But to be more comprehensive, we will represent this info in the tables above:

10% chance of becoming extinct in the next 10 years (vulnerable):


Santa Marta Blossomcrown – Anthocephala floriceps

Hook-billed Hermit – Glaucis dohrnii

Black Inca – Coeligena prunellei

Pink-throated Brilliant – Heliodoxa gularis

Honduran Emerald – Amazilia luciae

Purple-backed Sunbeam – Aglaeactis aliciae

Mexican Woodnymph – Thalurania ridgwayi

Esmeraldas Woodstar – Chaetocercus berlepschi

Buffy Helmetcrest – Oxypogon stuebelii

Tolima Blossomcrown – Anthocephala berlepschi

Tapajos Hermit – Phaethornis aethopygus

Ecuadorian Piedtail – Phlogophilus hemileucurus

Dry-forest Sabrewing – Campylopterus calcirupicola

rare hummingbird species

20% chance of becoming extinct in the next 10 years (endangered list):


Royal Sunangel – Heliangelus regalis

Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird – Amazilia lilliae

Scissor-tailed Hummingbird – Hylonympha macrocerca

Glow-throated Hummingbird – Selasphorus ardens

Mangrove Hummingbird – Amazilia boucardi

Marvelous Spatuletail – Loddigesia mirabilis

Oaxaca Hummingbird – Eupherusa cyanophrys

Colorful Puffleg – Eriocnemis mirabilis

Black-breasted Puffleg – Eriocnemis nigrivestis

Violet-throated Metaltail – Metallura baroni

Perija Metaltail – Metallura iracunda

Grey-bellied Comet – Taphrolesbia griseiventris

Perija Starfrontlet -Coeligena consita

Venezuelan Sylph – Aglaiocercus berlepschi

Glittering Starfrontlet – Coeligena orina

Black-backed Thornbill – Ramphomicron dorsale

Long-tailed Woodnymph – Thalurania watertonii

rare and unusual species of hummingbird

50% chance of becoming extinct in the next 10 years (critically endangered):


Chilean Woodstar – Eulidia yarrellii

Turquoise-throated Puffleg – Eriocnemis godini

Santa Marta Sabrewing – Campylopterus phainopeplus

Short-crested Coquette – Lophornis brachylophus

Juan Fernandez Firecrown – Sephanoides fernandensis

Guanacaste Hummingbird – Amazilia alfaroana

Gorgeted Puffleg – Eriocnemis isabellae

Blue-bearded Helmetcrest – Oxypogon cyanolaemus

Blue-throated Hillstar – Oreotrochilus cyanolaemus

There are also two extinct species of hummingbirds: The Caribbean Emerald (Chlorostilbon elegans) and the Brace’s Emerald (Chlorostilbon bracei)

Newly discovered species that are Endangered

Gorgeted Puffleg (Eriocnemis isabellae)

A beautiful newly discovered hummingbird with beautiful green and purple feathers has only 1200 hectares of habitat left in Colombia. Most of its habitat was shrunk because of cocoa planting. 

The Blue-throated Hillstar Hummingbird 

This hummer has an iridescent blue throat and prefers to live in the Andes’ high altitudes and cold weather. Because of that, they spend most of their time in torpor, a type of hibernation that keeps them alive in those weather conditions. 

The Auk

Ornithological Advances documented in a new study this critically endangered species that seems to have 750 left of its kind in a significantly smaller habitat.

Even if this species was discovered not long ago, it is already considered endangered.

are hummingbirds endangered

Why are hummingbirds important?

Hummers have an essential role in pollination. It's hard to find a more efficient pollinator than the hummingbird. Because they have a fast metabolism, they need to drink a lot of nectar from many flowers - usually in the thousands. Thus, they help flowers reproduce and continue their cycle.

If hummingbirds were extinct, other species would be at risk of extinction as well. Whenever we think about a species disappearing, we also have to know that so many other species will go together; This is called coextinction, a common phenomenon.

In a nutshell: it’s essential to put effort even when it comes to saving just one species. Together with them, we will be able to save so many others.

How can we help hummingbirds?

Hummingbirds consume an insane amount of calories, not to mention their lightning-fast metabolism and small bodies. As a result, they have to supplement that loss with enough food. And to eat enough, hummers need to find food sources.

Since their food sources are diminishing, it helps hummers if people keep putting hummingbird feeders in their garden, making sugar water, and planting hummingbird vines. Any action helps – little steps!

But other than the food they eat, it will do us well to focus on the big picture. We, too, can stop letting hummers become endangered.

If their territory keeps diminishing, they may be in grave danger. And not just them. 

This habitat loss happens because a lot of their environment is converted for agricultural uses, thus further shrinking it. Other than that, the effects of climate change on food supply are also well-known.

Some conservation efforts aim to improve the habitat of these small birds.

You can constantly check the IUCN Red List website to keep yourself posted on extinct species.

To support the local population of Hummingbirds in your area:

  • Try planting a garden with flowers from which these birds use to drink nectar. 
  • Provide a supplemental food source in the winter months.
  • Reduce your carbon footprint by becoming self-sufficient (growing your own food and the like). 

Tara Summerville

Tara Summerville is a freelance writer that loves her backyard birdfeeders. She enjoys sitting on her deck with a cup of coffee, watching cardinals, blue jays, finches, and chickadees munch away at her backyard offerings. Her fascination with birds began as a child; spending afternoons at her grandma's house watching and identifying birds. She has since carried her love of songbirds into adulthood and ensures no bird in her yard goes hungry!

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